Axillary Fat and Fascia

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Axillary Fascia:

• Located between pectoralis major muscle and latissimus dorsi muscles.

• Protection of lymph nodes, blood vessels and nerves.

Clavi-Pectoral Fascia:

• Fascia between upper pectoralis major and pectoralis minor and subclavius.

• An extension of axillary fascia which covers pectoralis minor, subclavius and attaches superiorly to the clavicle.

Axillary sheath:

• An extension of deep fascia starting at the neck and continuing down to the axilla.

• Attaches to the first rib. Covers the axillary artery/vein and proximal upper portion of brachial plexus.

Axillary Tail Fascia:

• Fascia that covers the axillary tail. The axillary tail is the prolongation of breast tissue which extends up into the axilla from the superolateral side.

• The axillary tail fascia also covers the inferolateral margin of pectoralis major.

Chapters on Shoulder Anatomy:

1. Arteries of the Axilla
2. Arteries of the Shoulder Girdle
3. Axillary Artery Aneurysm
4. Axillary Fat and Fascia
5. Axillary Nerve Block
6. Bones and Fractures of the Upper Limb
7. Boundaries of the Axilla
8. Breast Cancer and Axillary Lymph Nodes
9. Erb-Duchenne Palsy
10. Joints of the Shoulder Girdle
11. Klumpke's Paralysis
12. Lymph Nodes of the Axilla
13. Muscles of the Axilla
14. Muscles of the Shoulder Girdle
15. Notes on Shoulder Bursae
16. Roots and Trunks of the Brachial Plexus
17. Winged Scapula in Computer Programmer
18. Transient Axillary Paralysis
19. Variation of Brachial Plexus Structure
20. Veins of the Axilla

Additional Reading:

Histology and Cytology

1. Cell Components
2. Nervous Tissue
3. Muscle Tissue
4. Lymphoid Tissue
5. Integument
6. Respiratory System
7. Gastrointestinal System
8. Renal/Urinary System
9. Male Reproductive System
10. Female Reproductive System

Gross Anatomy

1. Back and Nervous System
2. Thorax
3. Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum
4. Upper Limb
5. Lower Limb
6. Head and Neck
7. Chest Wall
8. Shoulder

Anatomy Videos

1. Video of Musculoskeletal Examination in a Clinical Setting
1. Video of HEENT Examination in a Clinical Setting

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1. Jugular Venous Distention Workup

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