Erb-Duchenne Palsy

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What is Erb-Duchenne Palsy?

This is a torn or traction injury which involves the upper brachial plexus (C5 and C6) roots. It results from applying stretching forces to the shoulder pulling the head away from the shoulder. For example, an exaggerated lateral flexion of the shoulder. This occurs as a result of a forceful fall onto the shoulder or during childbirth. During childbirth, it may be possible for the obstetrician to accidently apply more than the required force to the baby's head while the shoulder has not been delivered yet. The result is a dysfunction of the muscles innervated by segments C5 and C6. The usual clinical presentation in Erb-Duchenne Palsy is an upper limb with an adducted shoulder, extended elbow, medially rotated arm, and flexed wrist.

Summary of Erb-Duchenne Palsy:

• Erb-Duchenne palsy is an injury of the upper brachial plexus (C5 and C6).

• It affects the shoulder and arm.

Chapters on Shoulder Anatomy:

1. Arteries of the Axilla
2. Arteries of the Shoulder Girdle
3. Axillary Artery Aneurysm
4. Axillary Fat and Fascia
5. Axillary Nerve Block
6. Bones and Fractures of the Upper Limb
7. Boundaries of the Axilla
8. Breast Cancer and Axillary Lymph Nodes
9. Erb-Duchenne Palsy
10. Joints of the Shoulder Girdle
11. Klumpke's Paralysis
12. Lymph Nodes of the Axilla
13. Muscles of the Axilla
14. Muscles of the Shoulder Girdle
15. Notes on Shoulder Bursae
16. Roots and Trunks of the Brachial Plexus
17. Winged Scapula in Computer Programmer
18. Transient Axillary Paralysis
19. Variation of Brachial Plexus Structure
20. Veins of the Axilla

Additional Reading:

Histology and Cytology

1. Cell Components
2. Nervous Tissue
3. Muscle Tissue
4. Lymphoid Tissue
5. Integument
6. Respiratory System
7. Gastrointestinal System
8. Renal/Urinary System
9. Male Reproductive System
10. Female Reproductive System

Gross Anatomy

1. Back and Nervous System
2. Thorax
3. Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum
4. Upper Limb
5. Lower Limb
6. Head and Neck
7. Chest Wall
8. Shoulder

Anatomy Videos

1. Video of Musculoskeletal Examination in a Clinical Setting
1. Video of HEENT Examination in a Clinical Setting

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1. Jugular Venous Distention Workup

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