What is Operant Conditioning?

  >   Rahul's Noteblog   >   Notes on Psychiatry   >   What is Operant Conditioning?

What is Operant Conditioning?

This type of learning takes advantage of the fact that:

Certain type of behavior changes according to the consequences (desirable or undesirable) that follow the behavior. For example, if behavior A produces a desirable consequence A, then behavior A is encouraged. This is also known as Positive reinforcement. This type of learning is used in “Food Dudes”, where children are rewarded with Food Dude stickers, pens and erasers if they eat the required number of servings of fruits and vegetables after watching the Food Dudes movie.

Certain undesirable consequence initially induced can be removed if the behavior changes. For example, undesirable consequence A is removed if behavior A is executed, thus, behavior A is encouraged. This is also known as Negative reinforcement. A certain type of Negative reinforcement used to train farm animals to pull plowing equipment is to continuously, but lightly, whip the animal until it learns to walk in a straight line from one end of the farm to another. The animal is not whipped as long it follows the rules, but if it doesn’t, it is continuously “irritated” by the whip until it walks in a straight path.

Additional Reading:

Basic Psychiatry

1. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV (DSM IV)
2. Organic Disorders
3. Major Depressive Disorder vs Dysthymic Disorder
4. What is Classical Conditioning?
5. What is Observational Conditioning?
6. What is Operant Conditioning?
7. How to break bad news to a patient
8. What is Dementia?
9. What is Normal Aging?
10. Factors Promoting Poor Prognosis in Schizophrenia
11. Factors Promoting Good Prognosis in Schizophrenia
12. What are Temper Tantrums?

Related Topics

1. Mechanics of Defense Mechanisms
2. Types of Antipsychotics

Random Pages:

Life in a Drop of Water Video of American Robin feeding her chicks
Video of me playing Ludwig van Beethoven - "Moonlight Sonata" (1st Movement) Notes on Integument
Notes on Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum What is Folliculitis?
Notes on Nitrogen Fixation (Metabolism) reactions, and Heme Metabolism How to Reduce Blood Pressure without Medications?
Stepwise Approach to Treatment of Ascites Diagram of Gastric Blood Supply
Notes on Basic Gastrointestinal Physiology Why did I become a doctor?
Review of Delta Roma Imperiale Fountain Pen What is an ELEK`s Test?
Why did I decide to become a doctor? Medical School Admissions Essay Video: Titanic Piano Theme: The Portrait
Corporate Failure: The Enron Case My Experience during the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait
USMLE Blood Lab Values Regulation of Heart Rate by Autonomic Nervous System
Images of Antibodies Video of me playing Yanni`s "Nightingale"
Notes on Male Reproductive System Differentiation and Anatomy of a Blastocyst
Notes on Cell Components Notes on Nervous Tissue
Voices from Hell: My Experience in Mussoorie, India Video of Cardiology Examination in a Clinical Setting

Please Do Not Reproduce This Page

This page is written by Rahul Gladwin. Please do not duplicate the contents of this page in whole or part, in any form, without prior written permission.