Notes on Asthma Treatment

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Asthma severity Daytime Symptoms Nighttime Symptoms Pulmonary Function Tests Treatment
Mild intermittent less than or equal to 2 per week less than 2 per month FEV1 or PEF greater than 80%; variability less than 20% short acting beta agonists as needed
Mild persistent greater than 2 per week greater than 2 per month FEV1 or PEF greater than 80%; variability 20-30% add inhaled corticosteroid or cromolyn (children)
Moderate daily greater than 1 per week FEV1 or PEF 60-80%; variability less than 30% long acting beta agonists
Severe continuous and daily frequent FEV1 or PEF less than 60%; variability greater than 30% oral corticosteroids and/or leukotriene modifiers

Additional Reading:

Basic Pulmonology

1. Lung Mechanics
2. Alveolar-Blood Gas Exchange
3. Gas Transport and Regulation of Respiration
4. Four Causes of Hypoxemia
5. Control of Respiration
6. Systemic vs Pulmonary Circulation FAQ
7. Principles of Gas Exchange in Lungs
8. Hypoxia, Hypoxemia & Hemoglobin-Oxygen Saturation Curve
9. FAQ on Mechanics of Breathing
10. FAQ on Control of Breathing
11. Criteria for Transudate Pleural Effusion
12. Light's Criteria for Exudate Pleural Effusion
13. Notes on Lung Sounds
14. Patient with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
15. Management of Acute Deep Venous Thrombosis
16. Notes on Asthma Treatment

Pulmonology Videos

1. Video of Pulmonology Examination in a Clinical Setting

Related Topics

1. Histology of the Respiratory System
2. Upper and Lower Respiratory Disorders
3. Pulmonary Examination for Internal Medicine

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Useful Medical Images & Diagrams (link opens in a new window)

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