Types of Industrial Strikes

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Types of Strikes:

Hunger strike:

Workers gather near the factory owner's residence and refuse to eat.

Pen down:

Workers come to work on regular hours but refuse to do any work.

Rule strike:

This type of strike is done by strictly abiding by company rules to the extreme, and there is no space for flexibility.

Support strike:

Supporting workers from another factory also go on strike to support their fellow workers from a related factory.

Gate strike:

Workers gather near the company gates and launch a strike.

Production strike:

Workers produce more industrial items but now in harmony.


Workers work their usual hours but their productivity is greatly reduced. They deliberately work slower than usual, causing heavy losses and production delays.

Picketing and boycott:

This is the act of surrounding and picketing the owner's residence, and not allowing anyone to enter the premises. Violent picketing is illegal. Boycott is disturbing the normal functioning of the business.


This is the process of blocking a target by encircling it. This may prevent people from approaching the target. The target may be an office, a building entrance, factory, residence, etc. Gherao may involve assault and torture, and gheraos are illegal.

Sympathetic strike:

This is an illegal strike done by workmen, who are fully satisfied by their employment, but support the cause of their fellow unsatisfied workmen.


This is the process of closing down a place of business due to refusal to work by the employees. Lockouts are different from strikes because lockouts are initiated by the management/employer. Lockouts are:

1. Closure of industrial undertaking due to violence, disputes, etc.

2. Suspension of employment relationship.

3. Lockouts are initiated by the employer, and strikes are initiated by the employees.

4. Lockouts have definite motive.

Lockouts & Economy:

Lockouts damage industry and national economy.

Additional Readings:

1. Definition and Evolution of Industrial Relations
2. Concept, Scope and Objectives of Industrial Relations
3. Conceptual Model for understanding Industrial Relations
4. Labor National Commission and Industrial Relations Policy - 1969
5. Industrial Dispute
6. Indian Industrial Dispute Act of 1947
7. Parameters and Classification of Industrial Disputes
8. Types of Industrial Strikes
9. Tripartite and Bipartite Bodies, and Industrial Settlement
10. Definition of "Mediation" and "Conciliation"

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