Random USMLE Facts volume 12-8

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Random USMLE Facts volume 12-8:

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

Mitral Stenosis:

Mitral stenosis is always associated with rheumatic fever.


Liposarcomas are described as having "small clear cytoplasmic vacuoles scalloping the nucleus."


Rhabdomyomas occur on the head and neck of young males.

Urine VMA:

Urine VMA is a norepinephrine degradation product.

Pemphigus Vulgaris:

Pemphigus vulgaris occurs when IgG is directed against desmoglien 1 and desmoglien 2 in the epidermis, and is characterized flaccid, easiely ruptured bullae that appear in the oropharynx and on the trunk and extremities.

Antibodies to Epithelial Basement Membrane:

Antibodies against the epithelial basement membrane generally target type 7 collagen.

Pancoast Tumor:

Pancoast tumor affects the sympathetic trunk.

Coronary Arteries in HTCM:

The only thing nornal in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is normal coronary arteries.

IgA Deficiency:

Patients with IgA deficiency must receice blood only from IgA-deficient patients.

DNA pol I:

DNA pol I removes primers and makes new DNA in their place.

DNA pol III:

DNA pol III only makes new DNA.


Metoclopramide should not be given to patients with Parkinson's disesae.

Alkaptonuria Complication:

One musculoskeletal complication in alkaptonuria is debilitating arthritis.

Annular Ligament Damage:

Forcibly pulling the arm upward can damage the annular ligament.

Potassium in Ischemia:

Extracellular concentration of potassium increases in ischemia.

Juxtaglomerular Cells:

In the normal kidney, densely staining, protein-containing cells close to the renal glomerulus are most likely juxtaglomerular cells and contain renin.

Surfactant Detection:

To confirm surfactant production in the fetus, ethanol and amniotic fluid are mixed and shaken in a testube; surfactant appears as a stable ring of foam at the top.

Heparin in Pregnancy:

Heparin is a safer choice for DVT treatment in a pregnant woman because heparin is water-soluble, hence, cannot cross the placenta. Warfarin is lipid-soluble and can cross the placenta.

Influenza Pandemics:

Influenza pandemics occur due to antigenic shift which in turn occurs due to genetic reassortment.

Graves Disease:

The bulging of the eyes in Graves disease occurs due to glycosaminoglycan synthesis by fibroblasts.

Crypts of Lieberkuhn:

Bowel epothelial cells in the crypts of Lieberkuhn are responsible for regeneration of the mucosal epithelium.

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

Additional Readings:

Random USMLE Facts

1. Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1
2. Random USMLE Facts volume 2-1
3. Random USMLE Facts volume 3-1
4. Random USMLE Facts volume 4-1
5. Random USMLE Facts volume 5-1
6. Random USMLE Facts volume 6-1
7. Random USMLE Facts volume 7-1
8. Random USMLE Facts volume 8-1
9. Random USMLE Facts volume 9-1
10. Random USMLE Facts volume 10-1
11. Random USMLE Facts volume 11-1
12. Random USMLE Facts volume 12-1

General and Systemic Examinations

1. General Examination for Internal Medicine
2. Jugular Venous Distention Workup
3. ER Chest Pain Workup
4. Format for Patient Presentation
5. Pulmonary Examination for Internal Medicine
6. Cardiac Examination for Internal Medicine
7. Abdominal Examination for Internal Medicine
8. Cranial Nerve Reflexes
9. Motor System Examination
10. Random Sensory System Facts
11. Random Stroke Facts

Medical Files & Presentations

1. USMLE Flashcards [Size: 1.9 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
2. Otitis Media in Children [Size: 5.4 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Size: 170 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
4. Acid-Base Disturbance: Acidotic or Alkalotic? [Size: 427 kB; Format: PDF]
5. Thrombocytopenia [Size: 2.42 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
6. Are Face Transplants Ethical? [Size: 70.2 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]

USMLE Step 2 CS Videos

1. Video of Cardiology Examination in a Clinical Setting
2. Video of Neurology Examination in a Clinical Setting
3. Video of Pulmonology Examination in a Clinical Setting
4. Video of Musculoskeletal Examination in a Clinical Setting
5. Video of Abdominal Examination in a Clinical Setting
6. Video of HEENT Examination in a Clinical Setting
7. Video and Description of Rinne Hearing Test
8. Video and Description of Weber Hearing Test

USMLE Laboratory (lab) Values

1. USMLE Blood Lab Values
2. USMLE Cerebrospinal Lab Values
3. USMLE Hematologic Lab Values
4. USMLE Sweat and Urine Lab Values

Medical Images

Useful Medical Images & Diagrams (link opens in a new window)

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