Random USMLE Facts volume 3-4

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Random USMLE Facts volume 3-4:

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

What is AA amyloid protein?

This is an acute phase protein what is produced during inflammatory infections like rheumatoid arthritis. This protein stains pink with hematoxylin and HE stain.

What is a complication of hereditary spherocytosis?

Gallstones.

What is a complication of congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Pulmonary hypoplasia.

What is an anti-cancer interleukin?

IL-2.

What are the findings in hemosiderosis?

This disease is caused due to iron accumulation. Findings include blood transfusions, pallor, hepatosplenomegaly, and expansion of the skull.

What is urticaria / hives?

Urticaria is an autoimmune disorder that involves release of mediators from mast cells. there is superficial dermal edema and lymphatic channel dilation.

What happens in granulosa cells?

Aromatase converts androgen to estradiol by FSH stimulation.

What happens in theca interna cells?

Conversion of cholesterol to androgens by LH stimulation.

What happens in increased total systemic vascular resistance?

Increased percentage of cardiac output passes through the lungs, improving arterial oxygenation.

What kind of auto-immune reaction does Hepatitis B infection cause?

The presence of viral HBsAg and HBcAg on the cell surface stimulate cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes to destroy affected hepatocytes.

Which cell clears M. pneumoniae from respiratory secretions?

B-lymphocytes.

What are the findings in PID?

Vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, motion tenderness, hypotension.

What are the differences between systolic and diastolic heart failures?

• Systolic: decreased ejection fraction, increased ventricular end-diastolic volume.
• Diastolic: normal ejection fraction, increased ventricular end-diastolic pressure and normal ventricular end-diastolic volume.

What is gestational choreocarcinoma?

Gestational choreocarcinoma is a malignant tumor that arises from the trophoblast. This tumor most commonly spreads to the lungs. Findings include shortness of breath, hemoptysis, vaginal bleeding. There is proliferation of cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts.

What are the most common causes of acute pancreatitis?

Alcohol, gallstones, drugs, ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography), infections, hypertriglyceridemia, surgery, and hypercalcemia.

What is fetal hemoglobin?

Alpha2gamma2.

What are the treatments for acute gouty arthritis?

• Immediate: NSAIDS (to be avoided in elderly).
• Prophylaxis: xanthine oxidase inhibitors and uricosuric agents.

In what type of population does schizophrenia begin?

Young adults.

USMLE Facts 1 USMLE Facts 2 USMLE Facts 3 USMLE Facts 4 USMLE Facts 5
USMLE Facts 6 USMLE Facts 7 USMLE Facts 8 USMLE Facts 9 USMLE Facts 10

Additional Readings:

Random USMLE Facts

1. Random USMLE Facts volume 1-1
2. Random USMLE Facts volume 2-1
3. Random USMLE Facts volume 3-1
4. Random USMLE Facts volume 4-1
5. Random USMLE Facts volume 5-1
6. Random USMLE Facts volume 6-1
7. Random USMLE Facts volume 7-1
8. Random USMLE Facts volume 8-1
9. Random USMLE Facts volume 9-1
10. Random USMLE Facts volume 10-1
11. Random USMLE Facts volume 11-1
12. Random USMLE Facts volume 12-1

General and Systemic Examinations

1. General Examination for Internal Medicine
2. Jugular Venous Distention Workup
3. ER Chest Pain Workup
4. Format for Patient Presentation
5. Pulmonary Examination for Internal Medicine
6. Cardiac Examination for Internal Medicine
7. Abdominal Examination for Internal Medicine
8. Cranial Nerve Reflexes
9. Motor System Examination
10. Random Sensory System Facts
11. Random Stroke Facts

Medical Files & Presentations

1. USMLE Flashcards [Size: 1.9 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
2. Otitis Media in Children [Size: 5.4 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome [Size: 170 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
4. Acid-Base Disturbance: Acidotic or Alkalotic? [Size: 427 kB; Format: PDF]
5. Thrombocytopenia [Size: 2.42 MB; Format: MS Powerpoint]
6. Are Face Transplants Ethical? [Size: 70.2 kB; Format: MS Powerpoint]

USMLE Step 2 CS Videos

1. Video of Cardiology Examination in a Clinical Setting
2. Video of Neurology Examination in a Clinical Setting
3. Video of Pulmonology Examination in a Clinical Setting
4. Video of Musculoskeletal Examination in a Clinical Setting
5. Video of Abdominal Examination in a Clinical Setting
6. Video of HEENT Examination in a Clinical Setting
7. Video and Description of Rinne Hearing Test
8. Video and Description of Weber Hearing Test

USMLE Laboratory (lab) Values

1. USMLE Blood Lab Values
2. USMLE Cerebrospinal Lab Values
3. USMLE Hematologic Lab Values
4. USMLE Sweat and Urine Lab Values

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Useful Medical Images & Diagrams (link opens in a new window)

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