FAQ on Components of Blood

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Of which fluid compartment is blood a component?

Extracellular fluid.

Of what is blood composed?

55% plasma and 45% formed elements.

List the components in plasma. How much water does plasma contain?

7% proteins, 91.5% water, and 1.5% other solutes.

List the organic solutes in plasma.

Glucose, urea, and amino acids.

What is albumin? What happens to blood volume when albumin levels in plasma drop? Why?

Smallest and the most numerous plasma protein produced by the liver. Function as transporters for several steroid and fatty acids. When albumin levels drop, blood colloidal osmotic pressure drops and fluid doesn’t come from interstitial space into blood causing edema.

What are the electrolytes in plasma?

These are inorganic salts. Positively charged ions include sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, etc. And several negatively charged ions.

What is hematocrit?

It is the percentage of total volume occupied by RBCs.

Name the types of white blood cells:

Neutrophils, Leukocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, and Basophils. (New Lovers Make Easy Babies).

What are the functions of blood?

Transportation, regulation and protection.

Additional Reading:

Basic Pathology

1. Cell Injury
2. Inflammation and Repair
3. Immunopathology
4. Water, Electrolyte, Acid-Base, Hemodynamic Disorders
5. Genetic and Developmental Disorders
6. Environmental Pathology
7. Nutritional Disorders
8. Neoplasia
9. Vascular Disorders
10. Heart Disorders
11. Red Blood Cell Disorders
12. White Blood Cell Disorders
13. Lymphoid Tissue Disorders
14. Hemostasis Disorders
15. Blood Banking and Transfusion Disorders
16. Upper and Lower Respiratory Disorders
17. Gastrointestinal Disorders
18. Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Disorders
19. Kidney Disorders
20. Lower Urinary Tract and Male Reproductive Disorders
21. Female Reproductive and Breast Disorders
22. Endocrine Disorders
23. Musculoskeletal Disorders
24. Skin Disorders
25. Nervous System Disorders
26. Notes on Tissue Regeneration
27. A Table of Bleeding Disorders
28. FAQ on Structure and Function of Red Blood Cells
29. FAQ on Components of Blood
30. Notes on Hemostatic Mechanisms
31. What is Fever?
32. What is Edema?
33. FAQ on Blood Pressure
34. FAQ on principles of fluid and flow dynamics of Blood
35. Causes of Thrombocytopenia
36. Squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck mucosa
37. Four tumors which never metastasize to the brain
38. What is caustic injury?
39. What causes Peripheral Edema?

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Useful Medical Images & Diagrams (link opens in a new window)

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