Obstacles of Indian Trade Unions

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Obstacles of Indian Trade Unions:

Obstacles in Trade Unionism in India are divided into two general categories:

Internal Obstacles

1. Trade unions find it difficult to grow because most of the labourers are illiterate. For any organization to thrive, it is imperative that its members are intelligent and make wise decisions. However, this is not the case with trade unions. It is very difficult to keep an unruly membership under control. Furthermore, the uneducated class fall easy prey to fraudulent schemes, then go on strikes without valid reasons.

2. Most members of trade unions live in rural areas. These members consider it obligatory to visit their families during vacation, and attendance to activities of the trade unions is hindered. Some members refuse to join trade unions because they are under the impression that membership will prevent them from visiting their families.

3. Trade unions lack member unity. Many members still practice old traditions and customs like untouchability. Furthermore, labourers come from a variety of backgrounds with many religions, castes and languages. These labourers find it very difficult to get along.

4. Laboures suffer from high poverty rates. They are too poor to take active part in trade union activities, instead, send all their income to their families in rural areas. Thus, poverty hinders the progress of trade unions.

5. Modern trade unions are negatively harnessed by rival political parties. These political parties spread their own agendas through trade unions, and ignore the plight of members. Thus, most trade unions have become a tool for politics.

6. Trade unions lack strong leadership. Because members have a high illiteracy rate, none of the members is allowed to lead a trade union. Instead, a non-member may occupy the post of union leader; this may be a politician, a lawyer, etc. And many times, the intentions of these nonmembers are dishonest, and this further leads to fraud and artifice.

7. Most Indian workers associate trade union membership with dwindling job security. Furthermore, finding a stable job in India is very hard, and no worker wants to risk his/her job by joining a trade union.

External Obstacles

1. Most of the Indian labour industry is controlled by intermediaries and middlemen. Thus, the very same intermediaries and middlemen are also in control of trade unions because they hired the union members. These very same intermediaries and middlemen collaborate with industrialists and place trade union members according to their dishonest interests.

2. Most Indian industrialists visualize trade unions as their adversaries. They do their best to obviate the growth of trade unions, and try to annul attempts to augment growth of the trade union. This may involve placing spurious union leaders or bribing the already existing ones.

3. Trade unions lack legal support. They may be legally harassed by industrialists in every way, but cannot fight back legally. This prevents the growth of trade unions.

Additional Readings:

1. Palekar Tribunal
2. Functions and Concepts of Industrial Management
3. Maladjusted Worker
4. Contract Work
5. Industrial Bureaucracy
6. Elements of an Organization
7. Scope, Aims, Objectives of Personnel Management
8. Recruitment and Major Recruitment Channels
9. Obstacles of Indian Trade Unions
10. Impact of Industrialization on Social Life
11. Automation and Steps Involved
12. Advantages and Disadvantages of Broker Recruitment
13. Causes and Consequences of Industrial Disputes

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