Japanese vs American Production & Operations Management

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Japanese vs American Production & Operations Management:

While the original concepts production and operations management originated in the United States, the Japanese had their own version of industrial concepts. Furthermore, Japanese technology was taken by surprise by their American counterparts. In this table below, we analyze the differences between American and Japanese production and operations management:

Characteristics Japanese American
Duration of Employment Life Long Short Term
Evolution and Promotion Slow Rapid
Career Paths Not specialized Specialized
Mechanism of Control Implicit; by peers Explicit; by management
Decision and Implementation Collective, slow decision; Quick implementation Individualistic; Quick; Decisions; slow implementation
Accountability and Responsibility Collective Individualistic
Employee Concern Holistic Individualistic
Government Approach Supportive Regulatory
Family Loyalty Exists None Exists

Additional Readings:

1. Objectives and Elements of Production and Operations Management
2. Basic Stages and Objectives of Planning in Production and Operations Management
3. Relationship between Process of Planning and External Agencies
4. Selecting a Manufacturing Plant Site
5. Controlling, Total Quality Control, and Deming’s 14 Points
6. Quality and Cost Economics and ASQC Categories of Quality Cost
7. Example of Multiple Activity Chart and Work Measurement
8. Japanese vs American Production and Operations Management
9. Kaizen Framework and Kaizen vs McKinsey
10. Advantages of Automation
11. Concept of Appropriate Technology
12. ‘Just in Time’ Manufacturing
13. Preventive Maintenance
14. Total Quality Management and ISO-9000
15. Inventory Control

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