Theory of Motivation by Herzberg

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What is Herzberg's Theory of Motivation?

Herzberg's two factor theory was created after interviews with accountants and engineers in the 1950s. Herzberg began by asking questions to employees regarding what made them satisfied and unsatisfied in relation to work issues. The employees responded and Herzberg summarized the data as follows:

Hygiene Factors vs Motivators:

Hygiene Factors i.e., dissatisfaction Motivators i.e., satisfaction
Company policies and administration. Achievement.
Technical supervision. Recognition.
Interpersonal relationships with coworkers. Advancement.
Salary. Nature of work.
Job security. Possibility of growth.
Personal Life. Responsibility.
Working conditions.
Status.

What are Hygiene Factors?

Hygiene factors are factors that may decrease productivity if removed. If they are kept, productivity stays the same. Motivators are factors that may not inhibit productivity if removed. If they are kept, productivity increases. Hygiene factors are required, but a manager should focus his/her attention on motivators because they fulfill higher human needs and are more important.

Additional Readings:

1. Human Relations Movement according to Fred Luthans
2. Definition of Organization Behavior
3. Fundamental Concepts of Organizational Behavior
4. Unconscious Behavior and Sigmund Freud
5. Mechanics of Defense Mechanisms
6. Content and Process, and Abraham Maslow's Need-Hierarchy Theory
7. Theory of motivation by Herzberg
8. Definition of Morale
9. Ego States
10. Determinants of Personality
11. Definition of Perception
12. Attitude, Belief, and Ideology
13. Stress and State of Exhaustion
14. Leadership and Leadership Styles
15. Path-Goal Leadership

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