Explain the Factories Act of 1948

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What is the Factories Act of 1948?

During the early stages of the industrialization of India, industrial laws were still in their nascent stages. The industrial arena was rather in a chaotic state. Industries could treat labourers in any ways and no one could stop them. Workers would be harassed, denied pay, healthcare, and related necessities, and welfare was out of question. Things were getting out of hand and many workers formed their own organizations to fight on their behalf. Needless to say, some workers even resorted to violence to have their needs met.

The government finally intervened and established the Factories Act in 1948. According to this act, safety, welfare and health of labourers is of utmost importance within the industry. The Act applies to all industries in India - including those in Jammu and Kashmir. The major objectives of the Act are:

1. Protect labourers from long hours of work.

2. Maintain healthy and sanitary conditions in the workplace.

3. Maintain safety of workers.

4. Maintain industrial machines operated by people so as to avoid unnecessary accidents.

5. Have industrial inspecters regularly visit industrial sites to oversee health and safety regulations.

Additional Readings:

1. Define the term 'Labor Welfare'
2. Theories about Conceptual Frame Framework of Labor Welfare
3. Basic Principles of successful Labor Welfare Programs
4. Explain the Factories Act of 1948
5. Explain the Employee’s State Insurance Act of 1948
6. Explain the Employee’s Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act of 1952
7. List and Functions of Organizations that monitor Labor Welfares
8. Workmen’s Compensation Act of 1923
9. Employees Pension Scheme of 1995
10. Payment of Gratitude Act of 1972
11. Social Security System
12. Maternity Benefits Act of 1961
13. Welfare Measures at the Tata Iron and Steel Company

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